Camping is an outdoors activity. The outdoorsmen leave urban areas, their home region, or civilization and go to nature to spending time at a campsite. Camping involve the use of a cabin. a tent, tipi, a primitive shelter, or no structure at all. Camping can teach one about survival. The wilderness and wild-lands of the natural environment on Earth can be found in preserves, estates, farms, conservation preserves, ranches, National Forests, National Parks and, in urban areas, along rivers, gulches or undeveloped areas. Look for the areas that have not been significantly modified by human activity.
Techniques a person can use for an indefinite duration to survive a dangerous situation is known as survival skills or bush-craft. These techniques are meant to provide the basic necessities for human life:
One should also know the basics of:
According to the Rule of Three, humans cannot survive:
- more than three hours exposed to extremely low temperatures.
- more than three days without water.
- more than three weeks without food.
The Boy Scouts use the mnemonic device "S.T.O.P.", "Stop, Think, Observe, Plan". Remember to set priorities by the"Rule of Three".
In a camp there will be a regular daily program, something similar to the following:
6:30 A.M. Turn out, bathe, etc.
7:00 A.M. Breakfast
8:00 A.M. Air bedding in sun, if possible, and clean camp ground
9:00 A.M. Hunting / fishing (or practice)
11:00 A.M. Hiking (reconnoitering) / Swimming
12:00 P.M. Lunch
1:00 P.M. Games
2:00 P.M. Hunting / fishing (or practice)
6:00 P.M. Supper
7:30 P.M. Evening around camp fire.
Personal camping equipment
Tools and weapons
Haversack: Waterproof canvas, leather straps, buckles and separate pockets, emblem on flap.
Axe : Any local hardware dealer can suggest quite a variety of good axes which may be used, but because of quality and price, the [insert recommeded name] axe is suggested. Ideal weight without handle, 12 oz. Made of one piece of solid steel special temper, axe pattern hickory handle, missionized hand forged non-rusting finish. Axe scabbard or shield.
Bandanna (or Neckerchief) : These are so common that every camper will recognize at once what is meant by a bandanna. These can be purchased at any local dry goods store. Experience has proven it to be a helpful article of equipment.
Compass: Every camper should learn how to use his watch as a compass. However, should he desire to own a compass, he will find no difficulty in securing one at any local jeweler's.
|The Staff and Its Uses|
|Many, upon outdoors living, are dubious about the value of the a staff and many friends ask "Why does a camper carry a staff?" Experience has proven it to be one of the most helpful articles of equipment. There are a number of different ways in which the staff will prove a handy and valuable article; in fact, it is an essential part to the camper's outfit.|
Staff: Ash or bamboo, two' metres (6 ft. 6^ in.) in length, and about one and one half inches in diameter; marked off on one side in centimetres up to one half metre and the balance in metres. On the other side it should be marked off in inches up to one foot and the balance in feet. The staff should have a blunt end. Campers should make their own staffs whenever it is possible for them to secure the lumber. Hoe or rake handles make excellent staffs. These can be procured through any local dealer at a nominal sum.
Knives: Stag handle, brass lining, german silver bolsters and shield. Large polished cutting blade, screw driver, can-opener and leather boring tool. Genuine ebony handle, brass lining, german silver bolsters and shield. Large cutting blade can be opened without using the fingernail. Shackle for hanging to belt.
Lanyard: This piece of equipment is so simple in construction that every camper ought to make his own lanyard. These are used for carrying the whistle or knife.
Shelter Tents: campers should make their own tents.
Watch: Every camper should possess a good watch. No particular make of watch is recommended. The choice of this article is left entirely with the camper and may be bought through a local jeweler.
Whistles: Camoper standard whistle, for use in signaling by whistle. Made of brass, gun metal finish, ring at end to attach to lanyard.
- See also: Camping Clothes
Belts: Any good web belt will meet the camper's needs. But for his convenience the belt illustrated herewith is suggested.
Coats: Standard material, four bellows pockets, standing collar, dull metal buttons.
Hats: Hats are suggested as follows:
- Outback Hat: Olive drab felt, standard quality, with leather hat band and detachable ties.
- Summer Hat. Olive drab drill, inside seams reinforced with leather, eyelets in crown for ventilation, detachable ties.
- Scout Hat. Extra fine, fur felt, made for hard service.
Knickerbockers: drill, belt guides, pockets, knee buckles, full pattern.
Leggings (Puttees): The style of leggings is United States Army puttee legging. Made of best waterproof army duck.
Pants (Breeches): Standard material, belt guides, pockets, full pattern, legs laced below the knee, the lacing to be covered by stockings or leggings.
Poncho: A good poncho is almost an absolute necessity for the camper when on a march or in camp. Ponchos suitable for camping purposes can be secured from local dealers.
Shirts: camper shirt, standard material, two bellows pockets, open front, coat style, standard button; same as coat.
Summer Shirts: Same as above, light weight.
Shorts: Standard material, belt guides. Full running pant pattern especially desirable for summer use.
Stockings: To match uniforms, made of heavy material and suitable for hiking. (cotton or wool)
Sweaters: Any local clothing store will be able to secure for the camper the kind and quality of sweater needed.
Trousers: Full length. Made of standard olive drab cotton cloth, belt loop. If breeches are preferred, they may be had at same price. Better quality of camper suits made of U. S. Army standard olive drab cloth.
- See also: Grill And Chuck Box
Camp Knives, Forks, and Spoons: Ordinary table knives, forks, and spoons may be used. An inexpensive knife, fork, and spoon for use in camps, may be secured through almost any local hardware store.
Canteen: A canteen of this design may be carried by each camper on hikes and long tramps. Many army supply houses carry these in stock, where they may be secured if desired.
Drinking Cup: A drinking cup for individual use is recommended. The folding cup shown in the illustration is made of brass and is nickel plated.
- Type 1 : Coffee or tea can, cup, stew or fry pan, with cover, one broiler two handles.
- Type 2 : Coffee or tea can, cup, stew or fry pan, one handle.
Water Bottle: In some cases where the individual camper is not furnished with a canteen, the group may desire to carry a supply of water on the march. For this purpose water bottles capable of carrying a large quantity of water may be secured. These should be purchased through some army supply house.
First Aid Kit
- See also: First Aid
First Aid Kit: This kit, for the use of an individual, can be secured through the office of the Red Cross Society.
Hospital Corps Pouch: Pouches contain the following:
- Carbolized Vaseline
- Pkg. Safety Pins
- Wire Gauze Splints
- 2-oz. Bottle Aromatic Spirits of Ammonia
- A.R.C. First A1d Outfit (cardboard)
- 2 1-yd. packages Sterilized Gauze
- 3 1-inch Bandages
- 3 2-inch Bandages
- 2 Triangular Bandages (cartons)
- 1 U. S. A. Tourniquet
Arrange with the American Red Cross Society for purchase of these.
Related: Personal care products
Signalling and commincations
Signal Flags: These can be made from muslin or bunting which may be secured at local stores. It is recommended that each camper make his own flags. Regulation sizes of the semaphore 18 in. x 18 in. and the Morse or Myer flag 24 in. x 24 in.
Crystal Radio (Wireless telegraph Instruments): "Beginners' wireless radio-telegraphic instruments, to be used in Morse code, may be secured through any electrical supply house.
Aiguillette (Shoulder Militia Knots): Six-inch narrow tapes or ribbons, colors as for camper, to be worn on the left shoulder of every camper.
Bugle: It is recommended that the standard bugle used in an army or drum corps be used. These may be procured from a local music store.
Drum: The selection of this is left to each group desiring this piece of equipment. Orders may be placed with
local music dealer
Patrol Flags: The patrol flags are made from a good quality muslin. Field or background, emblem, size 11 inches by 27 inches. Letters and initials to be attached by camper.
Tracking Irons: Used for hunting practice [make animal footprints]. Excellent tracking irons can be made of heavy band iron, using the common design. Any local blacksmith will gladly assist the camper in making their irons.
Individual outdoorsmen and survivalist groups prepare for future possible disruptions in local, regional, national, or international social and political order. People that anticipate disruption by:
- having emergency medical training,
- stockpiling food and water,
- preparing for self-defense and self-sufficiency,
- and/or building structures (a campground or underground shelter)
Anticipated disruptions include:
- Natural disaster, planetary crisis or Earth changes
- Activities of mankind
- Collapse of society
- unavailability of electricity
- unavailability of fuel
- unavailability of food
- unavailability of water
- Monetary disruption and economic collapse
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