Job Hunting
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Job Search Sites

Job hunting is the act of looking for employment. The immediate goal of job hunting is get job interviews with an employer which lead to getting hired. The job hunter looks for employment opportunities. Two classes of people look for positions: those who already have one position, but are looking for a better one, and those who have no position and can devote their entire time to the search for a job. The latter class includes people who have left their previous positions for one reason or another before obtaining a new one and people who may be beginning work for the first time.

The first thing to do is to "organize" yourself. Getting a job is a business, though a temporary one, and can be carried to success by means of the same efficient methods used in any other business. Even after determining the kind of job he wants, the average person usually does little more than "look around." The fact that many have obtained a job by the expenditure of no more physical or mental exertion than is entailed in "looking around" is no sign that they have obtained the best jobs, or even good ones. Whatever they got was due to the fickle Goddess of Chance, upon whom it is never safe to depend.

Determine once and for all that, for the time being, your business in life is to get a job. Then start in to make a success of it. You can be certain that if you lack the stamina and determination to make a success of this temporary business, you are not likely to make a great showing in any real job that some kind relative may provide for you. But you cannot fail if you carry out enthusiastically, intelligently, and energetically the principle and practice outlined here.

Your task must be attacked heartily and vigorously. Unless you are either studying or preparing yourself for your life work, or are actually holding down a productive job, you are an economic drag on the community, provided you are physically able to work. The world owes you a living only when you have done something to make it your debtor. Get out of the barnacle class as soon as possible.

Most offices operate seven or eight hours a day. When looking for your job you should do no less. Perhaps it will not be apparent how seven hours a day can be intelligently and productively utilized in this task. Before you have reached the end of this volume you may feel that you need more than eight.

Rise, then, at 7 30 A.m., bathe, dress, and breakfast as promptly as you would if you were going to the office.

Provide yourself with a desk or table upon which to work. Procure a typewriter, word processor, or computer if possible. Place the the place where your are going to write and the tool to write with in a room or part of the house where you will not be disturbed by other members of your household.

When you have finished your breakfast, go to your desk and begin work. Your task will probably keep you there until noon. Not only must the effort be rigorous, but it must be continuous and inclusive. That is to say, it is never sufficient merely to write for one or two positions and then wait to get a definite reply. If that were to be done, the period of job-seeking might stretch out indefinitely. Moreover, you would never have much choice to make between various possibilities, since only one would be before you at a time.

Common methods of job hunting involve using:

  • Employment search engine
  • Newspapers classifieds
  • Employment agency or recruiter
  • Contact networks
  • Company's web site

Read as many of the employment ads as possible. Job opportunities can occur in a different section than thought. The next relevant job opportunity may be listed in an unusual sections or in place you have not thought of. Look at a company's website for job openings and call them on the phone to ask if they have job openings. For specific industries, look in the phone book under that type of business and research the companies.

These downloads can help in a job search. These
spreadsheet can help track the jobs applied for.

Use the record sheets to keep data on companies,
businesses, and other prospective employers.

Job hunting will consist of such work as reading and clipping advertisements from newspapers and trade papers, reading replies to your former letters — if there are any — writing your letters for the day, and planning your work for the afternoon. It is surprising the amount of time necessary to construct and properly type a good letter of application for employment, especially if the writer happens to be an untrained typist, as is most likely to be the case. Every letter must be specially constructed to fit the particular case. Certain paragraphs will soon be found adaptable to each letter you write, but usually rephrasing is necessary to make a perfect letter, and only a perfect letter is worth the money required to send it.

Go after every position as though you feel that to be the one job in which you can do the best work. Convey that idea in your letter or interview. But get as many favorable replies as possible within a few days or a week, in order that you may have the privilege of choosing the one for which you seem the best suited.

If every source has been investigated and every line followed out, you may well have fifteen or twenty applications filed at the same time. Returns — or at least the certainty of no return — from all of these will come about the same time, and you can make a real choice. Keep on trying, looking for open positions and applying for them until you have definitely accepted one. Until then keep every line busy; you can't tell which one you may need. There is nothing unfair to your prospective employer in this method. A position is never so fully described in an advertisement or in conversation with a third person, such as a representative of an employment agency, that you know exactly what it is. It is the employer's privilege to reject your application even after giving you an interview, and it is your privilege to turn his offer down in a similar manner. It is perfectly fair and ethical for you to apply for more than one position at a time. In fact you must do so to protect your own interests, just as the employer must give interviews to more than one applicant.

Take your luncheon hour as usual, then begin your afternoon work and continue it until at least 5 P.m. This will probably include paying visits, either in search of a job or in hopes of getting a "lead." Make it your duty to find something to keep you busy in looking for a job the entire day. Bear in mind that anything you may do toward that end is useful and worth while, since your time is not valuable for any other purpose during this period.

It has been suggested that you spend the morning at your desk. Such a program is not, of course, arbitrary in any sense. You will suit your actions to the exigencies of the situation, doing each thing at the time which seems best in a particular instance, always, however, keeping occupied at the temporary business of getting a job.

This regime should be rigorously continued until the position is landed. The chief danger in deviating from this program is the difficulty of holding oneself to a task; the tendency to "do it tomorrow" or to "put it off for an hour or so" is strong in all of us. It is especially strong when we are responsible for results only to ourselves. For this reason, the business of getting a job must be carried on from 9 A.m. to 5 P.m. daily until the desired end is achieved.

The difficulty of keeping steadily at work when one is responsible only to oneself has been well expressed by the engineer-novelist William McFee, in one of his books. Stating that the greatest difficulty of the free-lance writer lies in keeping himself at work, he says, "Those people who work by rote … would certainly be somewhat staggered to find the enormous will-power involved in resisting the calls of the open road. There are so many subtle arguments in favor of abandoning the desk for just once. 'It is such a glorious day, it is a shame to be indoors', 'one's head is muggy', 'a good walk will clear the ideas,' or, 'it doesn't do to stick too long you know; give it a rest.' And so on. We knew them all, the specious lures to idleness, and strangled them with a firm hand every morning." The person seeking a job is liable to the same temptations and must overcome them by the same rigorous routine.



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