HyperText Markup Language
tags and rules (conforming to SGML) for hypertext documents

The interchange of hypertext between the world wide web client and server uses this common scripting language. Web pages must be written using HTML. A browser displays HTML, influenced by the browser's design and the users preferences.

On the World Wide Web, HyperText Markup Language is the predominant web page markup language. It was defined by the World Wide Web Consortium in 2004 as the "lingua franca" for hypertext publishing on the World Wide Web". HTML is often referred to "code" or "source code". The markup language used to represent the format of web pages (in contrast to XML, which represents content).

HyperText Markup Language documents have structural semantics and content in text form as well as to compliment text with objects such as images. Tags are used to "mark up" elements of text for display in certain presentation formats. HyperText Markup include "tags" used to encode and format text, graphics, animation, sound, and other types of files.

External articles


Further reading

  • Shelly, Gary B, and Denise M. Woods. Html: Complete Concepts and Techniques. Clifton Park, N.Y: Delmar, 2009.
  • Willard, Wendy. Html: A Beginner's Guide. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Osborne, 2007.
  • Tittel, Ed, and Mary C. Burmeister. Html 4 for Dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Pub, 2005.
  • Hall, Marty, and Larry Brown. Core Web Programming. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall PTR, 2001
  • Freeman, Elisabeth, and Eric Freeman. Head First Html: With Css & Xhtml ; [a Brain-Friendly Fuide to Html & Css]. Beijing [u.a.: O'Reilly], 2006.
  • Powell, Thomas A. Html: The Complete Reference. Berkeley, Calif. [u.a.: Osborne], 2001.


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