Related pages
Role-playing games
Caillois' Games Characteristics1
  • Fun: the activity is chosen for its light-hearted character
  • Separate: it is circumscribed in time and place
  • Uncertain: the outcome of the activity is unforeseeable
  • Non-productive: participation does not accomplish useful outcome solely
  • Rules: the activity has rules that are different from everyday life
  • Fictitious: it is accompanied by the awareness of a different reality

A game is structured working pleasure (or voluntary, intrinsically motivated activities normally associated with pleasure and enjoyment). Games are distinct from other work, which is carried out for remuneration, and from art, which is more often an expression of aesthetic or ideological elements. Key components of games are goals, rules, challenge, and interaction. Games generally involve mental or physical assets, and often both. Many games help develop practical skills, serve as a form of exercise, or otherwise perform an educational, simulational, or psychological role.



Games provide relaxation and diversion. Games may be played by one person for their own entertainment, or by a group of people. Games may be played for achievement or money such as gambling or bingo. Racing, chess or checkers may develop physical or mental prowess.

Games may be geared for children, or may be played outdoors such as lawn bowling. Equipment may be necessary to play the game such as a deck of cards for card games, or a board and markers for board games such as Monopoly, or backgammon.

Ball games

Bat-and-ball games
- baseball
- cricket

Racquet and ball games
- tennis
- squash
- racquetball

Hand and ball-striking games
- handball (American and others)
- rebound handball
- 4 square

Goal games
- basketball
- hockey
- lacrosse
- American football
- Association football (Soccer)

Net games
- volleyball
- kick volleyball (sepak takraw)

"Target" games
- bowling
- lotball

Board games

Aseb (Haze veru rong)
- Twenty Squares game
Royal Game of Ur
Knossian Games
Buddha's games (Chaturaji)
Ludus Duodecim Scriptorum
Roman Game of kings
Stanway Game
Chaturanga (Ashtāpada)
German-style board games

See BoardGameGeek for more.

Card games

Game of playing cards
- Traditional decks have formally standardized rules
- Game-specific decks
- Guide boards (scorekeeping or placement)

Gameplay families of card games
1 Trick-taking games
2 Matching games
3 Shedding games
4 Accumulating games
5 Fishing games
6 Comparing games
7 Solitaire games (Patience games)
8 Drinking card games
9 Multi-genre games
10 Collectible card games (CCGs)
11 Casino card games (card gambling)
11.1 Poker games
12 Fictional card games

Folk games
- rules vary by region, culture, and person

Largest collection of card game rules on the Internet
Pagat Card Games :
- Alphabetical Index

Yard / Outdoor Games

Home Games
- "The 'field'" (or 'pitch')
— lawn (mowed grass or graded soil)
— back yard or front yard

Common Outdoor games
- Bocce
- Bottledrop
- Bowls
- Cherokee marbles
- Cornhole
- Croquet
- Egg rolling
- Flimsee
- Horseshoes
- Kan-jam
- Kubb
- Lawn bowls
- Lawn darts
- Ladder Golf
- Ladder Toss
- Mölkky
- Petanque
- Quoits
- Sholf
- Skittles
- Stake
- Washers

Video games

- Casual games
- Serious games

- Downloadable Content
- Modifications
- Cheating
- Glitches
- Easter eggs

- Action-shooter games
- Action-adventure games
- Advergames ("advertisement game")
- Adventure games
- Christian games
- Computer board games
- Computer card games
- Educational games
- Exergame ("exercise game")
- Music games
- Party games
- Programming game
- Puzzle games
- Role-playing games
- Simulation games
— Construction / management simulation
— Life simulation games
— Vehicle simulation games
- Sports games
- Electronic Sports games
- Strategy games
- Scientific study games
- Trivia games

Notable Platforms

Machine "System"
- software on electronic components or computer hardware

"Arcade game"

Specialized type of electronic device (special cabinet)

Dig Dug
Donkey Kong
Ms. Pac-Man
Robotron 2084
Star Wars

See International Arcade Museum® (IAM™) for more.

Consoles and Handhelds

-"Console game"
— specialized electronic device (with television set or composite video monitor)
-"Handheld game"
— self contained electronic device

- Atari 2600
- ColecoVision
- Intellivision
- Xbox
- Xbox 360
- Nintendo Entertainment System
— Family Computer Disk System
- Super Nintendo Entertainment System
- Nintendo 64
- Nintendo GameCube
- Wii
- Game Boy (Game Boy Color)
- Game Boy Advance
- Nintendo DS
- Nintendo 3DS
- Sega Mega Drive/Genesis
- Sega Saturn
- Dreamcast
- PlayStation
- PlayStation 2
- PlayStation 3
- PlayStation Portable

"PC game"

IBM PC (with video monitor)
Apple computers (Macintosh)

Non dedicated machines

Mobile phones
Graphing calculators

"Online System"
- software as network service / application

Notable Games


Fallout is a post-apocalyptic game. It is a retro-futuristic setting in the mid-22nd century role-playing game featuring an open world of alternate history which deviates some time after World War II. It was intended to use Steve Jackson Games' GURPS system, but the deal was not signed due to the violence and gore. It has the 'SPECIAL system'.

Minecraft is a sandbox building video game written in Java originally by Swedish creator Markus "Notch" Persson and now by his company, Mojang, formed from the proceeds of the game. The game is focused on creativity and building, allowing players to build constructions out of textured cubes in a 3D world. The game has two variants – free Classic and paid Beta – where Classic is focused entirely on construction with unlimited material supply, whereas Beta requires players to acquire resources themselves, and contains mobs, player health, and additional features and items. The gameplay is heavily inspired by Infiniminer by Zachtronics Industries, Dwarf Fortress by Bay 12 Games and Dungeon Keeper by Bullfrog Productions.

Adult games

"The Bedroom Games"
- Sex games
- Erotic games
- Love games

Gameplay for passion and eroticism
- Stimulating for partners

Bibliography and footnotes

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